Nathalie HINFRAY

Nathalie Hinfray
Ancien membre de l'UMR SEBIO

Ineris - Verneuil-en-Halatte

Parc Technologique ALATA - BP2
60550 Verneuil-en-Halatte

Numéro de téléphone
03 44 55 69 69
Adresse de courriel
Liste des publications
Résumé des activités de recherches et pédagogiques

Over the last decades, there has been great interest in the scientific community regarding the possible alterations in the functioning of the endocrine system of humans and wildlife as a result of chemical exposure. Many reports showed deleterious effects of these endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) on the reproductive health of wildlife (invertebrates, fish, birds or reptiles), farmed animals and humans. The aquatic environment is the final sink for most of those chemicals, leading to exposure of aquatic organisms, including fish. Exposure of fish to EDCs has been associated with reproductive adverse effects at both individual and population level in a variety of fish species.

One key physiological process targeted by these EDCs is steroidogenesis. Steroidogenesis is the process responsible for steroid biosynthesis such as sexual hormones (estrogens, androgens, progestins) that are essentials for a proper reproduction, and is supported by numerous enzymes including aromatase.

The focus of my research is thus to investigate fish steroidogenesis and reproduction and the impact of EDCs on those processes. For that, we work with zebrafish (Danio rerio), a small cyprinid fish native from India and nearby countries that is currently the most widely used aquatic organism in laboratories. By using this small fish, we acquired knowledge on the steroidogenic process (steroidogenic enzymes localizations, steroidogenic genes expression and enzyme activities) and on fish reproduction (vitellogenesis, spermatogenesis, fecundity, embryos survival) in normal conditions and highlighted the deleterious effects of exposure to different kinds of EDCs such as natural and synthetic hormones, pesticides or pharmaceuticals, alone or in mixtures.

Concern about the effects of EDCs to fish (and humans) reproductive health has stimulated the development and implementation of screening and testing procedures for EDCs, notably within the perspective of the European regulatory framework for chemicals REACH (registration, evaluation, authorization and restriction of chemicals). The development of tests to identify endocrine active substances and quantify their effects in fish has thus become a challenge these years. In this regard, transgenic fish could be relevant tools allowing the detection of endocrine effects while possibly reducing the number of animals needed and the costs. In the lab, different transgenic zebrafish lines, expressing fluorescent protein under the control of steroidogenic genes promoters, were developed. Our recent projects were dedicated to the characterization and optimization of the use of these models for the assessment of endocrine disrupting potency of chemicals.

Main publications:

zebra transgenic
  • De Oliveira J, Chadili E, Piccini B, Turies C, Maillot-Maréchal E, Palluel O, Pardon P, Budzinski H, Cousin X, Brion F, Hinfray N. Refinement of an OECD test guideline for evaluating the effects of endocrine disrupting chemicals on aromatase gene expression and reproduction using novel transgenic cyp19a1a- eGFP zebrafish, Aquatic Toxicology, 220, 105403.
  • Hinfray N, Sohm F, Caulier M, Chadili E, Piccini B, Torchy C, Porcher JM, Guiguen Y, Brion F. Dynamic and differential expression of the gonadal aromatase during the process of sexual differentiation in a novel transgenic cyp19a1a-eGFP zebrafish line. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 261, 179-189.
  • Hinfray N, Tebby C, Garoche C, Piccini B, Bourgine G, Aït-Aïssa S, Kah O, Pakdel F, Brion F., 2016. Additive effects of levonorgestrel and ethinylestradiol on brain aromatase (cyp9a1b) in zebrafish specific in vitro and in vivo bioassays. Toxicology And Applied Pharmacology, 307, 108-114.
  • Hinfray N, Nobrega RH, Caulier M, Baudiffier D, Maillot-Marechal E, Chadili E, Palluel O, Porcher JM, Schulz RW, Brion F, 2013. Cyp17a1 and Cyp19a1 in the zebrafish testis are differentially affected by oestradiol. Journal of Endocrinology, 216(3), 375-388.
  • Baudiffier D, Hinfray N, Ravaud C, Creusot N, Chadili E, Porcher JM, Schulz RW, Brion F, 2013. Effect of in vivo chronic exposure to clotrimazole on zebrafish testis function. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 20(5), 2747-2760. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-013-1474-7
  • Hinfray, N., Porcher, J.M., Brion, F., 2006. Inhibition of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) P450 aromatase activities in brain and ovarian microsomes by various environmental substances, 2006. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C : Toxicology and Pharmacology, 144 (3), 252-262. DOI: 10.1016/j.cbpc.2006.09.002